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CASE REPORT Table of Contents   
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 709-712
Marsupialization of unicystic ameloblastoma: A conservative approach for aggressive odontogenic tumors

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Karadeniz Techniqual University, Trabzon, Turkey
4 Department of Pathology, Ankara, Gülhane Military Medical Academy and Medical Faculty, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Osman A Etoz
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Erciyes University, Kayseri
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.93461

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Unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) is known as a distinct entity which has a less aggressive behavior when compared with conventional ameloblastoma. In this report, we have presented two cases of UAs, (of which one case showed a more aggressive behavior with mural invasion into the adjacent tissues and granular cell differentiation), both of which were successfully managed with enucleation following marsupialization. We aim to highlight how this method can be used for the successful management of such cases, rather than following more aggressive approaches. In both the cases, marsupialization was done for the UA lesions initially and follow-ups were maintained. When the tumor size had regressed on radiographic follow up, an enucleation procedure with ostectomy of the margins was carried out. Special importance was also given to the endodontic treatment of the teeth involved in the area of the lesion. The patients were free of the condition and did not show any signs of recurrence on radiographic follow-ups even after 30 months of the final procedure. Granular variant of UA is quite rare and had been considered to be more aggressive. Marsupialization of UA is an alternative treatment option of resection even for more aggressive variants, as long as the histological behavior of the lesion was carefully evaluated and strict radiographic follow-up is maintained.

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