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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 788-793
Golden proportions as predictors of attractiveness and malocclusion

1 Department of Orthodontics, Santosh Dental College and Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Smile Avenue, 876 Canterbury Road, Box Hill South, Melbourne, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Yadav Juhi
Department of Orthodontics, Smile Avenue, 876 Canterbury Road, Box Hill South, Melbourne
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9290.152206

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Objective: In recent years, the golden proportions have been evaluated by various researchers in the general population and orthodontic patients to establish their correlation with facial attractiveness and esthetics, but with conflicting results. The present study aimed to analyze the frontal facial golden proportions for three groups of young adult females, an attractive group, and two malocclusion groups. Our null hypothesis stated that the golden proportions of attractive females were analogous with or closer to the golden number than those with an established malocclusion. Materials and Methods: Frontal facial photographs of 80 female dental students were scored for facial attractiveness by 10 dental specialists. Thirty females with scores greater than the median score of 48 formed the attractive group. Thirteen females with Class I malocclusion and 15 females with Class II division 1 malocclusion formed the two malocclusion groups. Ten landmarks and 19 golden proportions were calculated for all subjects. One-way ANOVA and unpaired Student's t-test was used to analyze the differences in golden proportions between the attractive and malocclusion groups. Results: Significant differences were observed for 10 proportions (P < 0.04 to < 0.0001). Five vertical proportions showed significant differences in both subgroups; Attractive versus Class I and Attractive versus Class II division 1; while one vertical and all transverse proportions showed significant differences only in Attractive versus Class II division 1 subgroup. The average values of these proportions varied both toward and away from the golden number for both attractive and malocclusion groups. Conclusion: Facial proportions of the attractive females were significantly different from those with malocclusion, but did not show a constant trend of being closer to the golden number. Furthermore, the golden proportions were not analogous with the facial esthetics of the attractive females.

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