Indian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental ResearchIndian Journal of Dental Research
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 924-929
Effect of different home-bleaching techniques for a regular or an extended time on enamel properties

1 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Rio de Janeiro State, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2 Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Program, COPPE, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
3 Nanotechnology Engineering Program, COPPE, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
4 Biophysics, Physics Institute Carlos Chagas Filho, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
5 Prosthesis Department, School of Dentistry of State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Cesar dos Reis Perez
R. São Francisco Xavier, 524 . Maracana . Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Cep 20550-900
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_791_19

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Context: The side effects of bleaching products are still incompletely known. Aims: This work aims to evaluate the effects of bleaching regimens on colour variation, microstructure, roughness, composition and nanohardness of human dental enamel until 8 weeks. Settings and Design: Twenty teeth were cross-sectioned to obtain eighty enamel fragments (50 × 50 mm) divided into four groups: CN (control Negative-artificial saliva), CP10 (10% carbamide peroxide), HP10 (10% hydrogen peroxide), and WS (whitening strips-10% hydrogen peroxide). Methods and Material: Roughness (atomic force microscopy–AFM and 3-D surface scanning), morphology (confocal laser scanning microscopy–CLSM and AFM), hardness and elastic modulus (nanoindentation), and composition (Raman microspectroscopy) were analysed before the therapy and after 4 and 8 weeks. Colour measures were performed weekly. Statistical Analysis Used: Two-way ANOVA with repeated measures (P < 0.05). Results: Bleaching stabilizes after 3 weeks for HP10 and after 4 weeks for CP10 and WS. Roughness evaluation showed statistical difference for HP10 after 8 weeks for Sa and Sq, for HP10 and WS after 4 weeks and for CP10 after 8 weeks. The same occurred for hardness and elastic modulus. The morphological evaluation demonstrated the most significant effects after 8 weeks of treatment for HP10 and WS. Composition analysis revealed modifications in peaks related to the organic content spectra (protein) with an increase in detection after 4 weeks, followed by a decrease after 8 weeks. Conclusions: H2O2-based products caused morphological and compositional alterations on enamel.

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