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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 211-215
Relationship between perceived chewing ability, oral health related quality of life and depressive symptoms among completely edentulous individuals


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute Univeristy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Chief Consultant, Revive Smile Dental Care, Changanacherry, Kerala, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Al Zulfi Majmaah University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Department of Clinical Science, College of Dentistry, Ajman Universiy, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
6 Basic Medical Sciences, College of Dentistry, Ajman Universiy, Ajman, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence Address:
Dr. C S C Satishkumar
Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute University, Chennai - 600 095, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.ijdr_1141_20

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Background: Edentulism affects the chewing ability of a person and can engender nutritional deficiencies which can affect the overall quality of life and depression. Aim: Our aim was to evaluate the association between perceived chewing ability, oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and depressive symptoms among completely edentulous patients with and without dentures. Settings and Design: Institutional study and cross-sectional design. Methods: A cross-sectional study among 207 completely edentulous persons was conducted in South India. The subjects completed a self-administered questionnaire on demographics, Beck's depression inventory, oral health impact profile-edentulous (OHIP-EDENT), age when edentate, chewing ability, and denture satisfaction. Further, denture status was clinically evaluated. Statistical Analysis: Data were summarised and analysed using the Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Persons not using complete dentures (odds ratio [OR] =3.5, P < 0.05), who reported impaired chewing ability (OR = 4.6, P < 0.05), those who became edentate before 55 years (OR = 4.6, P < 0.05) and with poor denture status (OR = 6.2, P < 0.05) were more likely to report depressive symptoms. Lesser impact in relation to OHRQoL was found to be protective against depression among completely edentulous (OR = 0.24, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Depressive symptoms were associated with impaired chewing ability, higher impacts on OHIP-EDENT, and edentulous persons not using complete dentures. High priority must be given to enhance awareness towards oral rehabilitation among completely edentulous to reduce the chance of depression occurring due to impaired chewing ability and poor OHRQoL.


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