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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 380-384
Estimation of IZOD impact strength between different concentrations of chitosan-reinforced denture base resins


1 Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Ramaswami Memorial Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of General Surgery, Sri Ramaswami Memorial Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. N Gopi Chander
Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Ramaswami Memorial Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai - 600 089, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.ijdr_71_21

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Background: Poly-methyl methacrylate (PMMA) is an universally acceptable denture base material. Efforts are made to increase the applications with the addition of new constituents. Chitosan has established antifungal properties. The mechanical properties of Chitosan–denture base composite is less evaluated in the literature. This study estimates the differences in impact strength of material for different concentrations of chitosan-reinforced denture base resins. Aim: The study estimated the differences in IZOD impact strength of denture base resin reinforced with 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% of chitosan by weight. Materials and Methods: The acrylic samples were fabricated in according to ISO 180 regulations. The study had four test groups (n = 10). ACh0 was the control group with no reinforcements. ACh5, ACh10 and ACh15 had chitosan reinforcement of 5%, 10% and 15% by weight. The samples were processed by conventional heat polymerization cycle and tested in IZOD impact testing machine. The data were recorded and statistically analyzed with Kruskal–Wallis test. Results: The mean impact strength was high in ACh5 (4.25 ± 1.05 kJ/m2) compared to ACh0 (2.88 ± 0.60 kJ/m2), ACh10 (3.63 ± 0.40 kJ/m2), ACh15 (3.38±0.60 KJ/m2). Statistically significant differences between the test groups was determined by Kruskal–Wallis and post hoc Bonferroni test (Chi-square = 12.843, P = .005, df = 3). Conclusion: The impact strength of denture base resin increased with 5% chitosan compared with other percentage of chitosan. No statistical significant relationship was observed between the groups.


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