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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 472-479
Comparison of dentofacial morphology between parents of children with and without craniofacial anomalies using cephalogram imaging


1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
3 Department of Plastic Surgery, Sant Parmanand Hospital, Civil Lines, Delhi, India
4 Reader, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
5 Department of Paediatrics, Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anubhuti Sood
Clinical Research Officer, Room No-352, O.P.D Block, Department of Paediatrics, Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.ijdr_623_21

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Objective: To compare cephalometric parameters in parents of children with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) and parents of children without any craniofacial anomaly. Methods: A sample of 100 sets of parents were segregated into two groups of 50 parents each. The two groups included parents of children with BCLP and the parents of children with no craniofacial anomaly. Lateral cephalograms and postero-anterior (PA) cephalograms were examined for 100 parents of both the BCLP and control group, respectively. Tracings were scrutinized for 34 linear and angular parameters of dentocraniofacial skeleton. Data were analysed using unpaired Student's t-test. Result: Evaluated lateral cephalograms revealed 15 significant parameters in parents of children with BCLP including a significant increase in Ptm-S, maxillary length, SNA, articular angle and gonial angle. A significant decrease was noted in SN length, cranial base flexion, mandibular length, mandibular body length, total facial height, upper facial height, posterior facial height, Y-axis length and soft tissue total anterior facial height. Upon evaluation of PA cephalograms, four significant parameters were found in parents of children with BCLP. Cranial width, bizygomatic width, maxillary width and lateral interorbital width were significantly decreased in the parents of children with BCLP. Conclusion: Distinct dentocraniofacial morphological features have been found in parents of children with BCLP. Evaluation of these features might be the key to predicting the occurrence of clefts in their children and also planning for future linkage analysis studies amongst them.


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