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SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 524-527
Efficacy of marine algal extracts against oral pathogens - A systematic review


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondicherry, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Pondicherry, India
3 CIDRF, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Saveetha Dental College, SIMATS, Chennai, India
5 Department of Pharmacology, Saveetha Dental College, SIMATS, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikneshan Murugaboopathy
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Dental Sciences, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University, Pondicherry - 607402
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_243_20

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Introduction: Marine algae possess a plethora of secondary active metabolites which has many biomedical applications. Anti-bacterial activity against oral cariogenic bacteria is reported in literature, however there is no comprehensive review available. Hence, this review is attempted to collate all the evidence available regarding the marine algal extracts and its constituents against oral cariogenic bacteria. Methods: Electronic search was conducted in the Google scholar, the Pubmed database and various clinical trial registries. Included studies were clinical, in-vitro studies assessing DMFT, DMFS, minimum inhibitory concentration or colony forming unit counts. Result: A total of 19 trials were obtained out of which only 7 were eligible for this review. Quality assessment was done by Higgins and Greens (2011) method. Results showed all the studies where they used crude algal extracts or its active constituents were showing anti-bacterial activity. Conclusion: Thus, this review showed that marine algal extracts and other constituents are having anti-microbial properties, making them potential anti-microbial agents for oral hygiene maintenance without adverse effects of currently available chemical based oral care products.


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