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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 120-125
Assessment of clinical depression in abdominally obese subjects with periodontal disease


1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Hi Tech Dental College and Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, KIIT (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anurag Satpathy
Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Institute of Dental Sciences, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar, Odisha - 751003
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_780_18

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Background: Depression is a commonly prevailing condition that goes undetected in clinical settings. Both abdominal obesity and periodontal disease have a bearing on mental health and have an impact on the quality of life. Objective: To assess the level of clinical depression in abdominally obese subjects with periodontal disease. Methods: Two hundred and ten subjects with a mean age of 37.45 ± 9.59 years (males = 117; females = 93) were grouped as per their abdominal obesity and periodontal status and assessed for their clinical depression levels (mental health) using the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). Collected data were analysed. Results: The clinical depression score significantly varied in subjects with different periodontal status in both non-obese (F (2,102) = 113.66, P < 0.0001) and abdominally obese subjects (F (2,102) = 132.04, P < 0.001). Significantly higher depression score was demonstrated in healthy (P < 0.001), gingivitis (P < 0.001), and periodontitis (P < 0.001) groups in abdominally obese subjects. Conclusion: Clinical depression is significantly associated with abdominal obesity and periodontal disease in subjects with abdominal obesity and severe periodontal disease demonstrating higher depression scores.


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