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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 33  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 174-179
Evaluation of efficacy of subgingival administration of 1% chlorhexidine gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis - A clinical and microbiological study


1 Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Periodontology, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India
3 Department of Periodontics, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shirish Kujur
Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Raipur - 492 001, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.ijdr_936_21

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Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and microbiological effects of subgingival administration of 1% chlorhexidine gel (Chlorhexamed® 1% gel) in patients with chronic periodontitis. Settings and Design: The study was done in a parallel-arm design with a total of 30 patients with 60 sites suffering from chronic periodontitis. The patients were divided into control and experimental groups. Materials and Methods: The clinical parameters recorded were plaque index, gingival index, modified sulcular bleeding index, probing pocket depth and relative attachment level at baseline, 1 month and 3 month. Microbiological colony-forming units were assessed for Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Tannerella forsythia at baseline, 1 week, 1 month and 3 months. The control group received scaling and root planing (SRP) after baseline evaluation; however, the experimental group received the application of Chlorhexamed® gel within 48 hours after SRP. Then, the values obtained were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: Both groups showed significant improvement from the baseline to 3 months in all clinical and microbiological parameters. The experimental group showed better improvement in all parameters. Conclusion: The use of Chlorhexamed® gel has proven to be an efficacious adjunct with SRP in the treatment of chronic periodontitis.


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