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ORIGINAL RESEARCH Table of Contents   
Year : 2023  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-13
Changing sleep patterns and anxiety due to Covid-19 home confinement among working population: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Dentistry, ESIC Dental College and Hospital, Rohini, Delhi, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, ESIC Dental College and Hospital, Rohini, Delhi, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital Subhash Nagar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manav Rachna Dental College and Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana, India, India
5 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, ESIC Dental College and Hospital, Rohini, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mansi Atri
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry, ESIC Dental College and Hospital, Rohini, Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijdr.ijdr_407_22

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Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic took the entire world unawares and people were forced to stay indoors overnight. Due to this a drastic change ensued in lifestyle with many succumbing to various kinds of stresses and psychological problems. This study aims to study the changing sleep patterns and level of anxiety among the working population due to the COVID-19 Pandemic lockdown. Methodology: An online survey was conducted using a cloud-based website. The sleep patterns both prior to and during the lockdown period of the pandemic were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. The level of anxiety during both these periods (before and during lockdown) amongst the working population was also assessed using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scores (GADS). Results: A total of 224 individuals participated in the study of which 52.7% were males and 47.3% were females. On analysis, the lifestyle and sleep deprivation scores showed that before the lockdown only 2.7% reported a low score out of total participants. However, this number was raised to 13.4% during the lockdown. The percentage of people reporting deteriorated sleep quality gradually increased with females reporting moderate to severe category of Generalized Anxiety Disorder scores as compared to Males. Conclusion: The study suggests that there has been a significant change in the sleep quality of the study participants due to Covid enforced lockdown which if unnoticed might lead to significant health problems. The effective use of programs like yoga, meditation, and deep breathing exercises, if followed timely could reduce psychological distress to some extent.

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