Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 653--658

The effect of thermocycling on fracture toughness and hardness of different core build up materials


GS Shanthala1, Mathew K Xavier2 
1 Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. DY Patil Dental College and Hospital, Mahesh Nagar, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
G S Shanthala
Department of Prosthodontics, Dr. DY Patil Dental College and Hospital, Mahesh Nagar, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra
India

Introduction: Core build up materials are routinely used to restore grossly decayed teeth and in the oral environment they are subjected to changes in the temperature due to consumption of hot and cold food. Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of thermocycling on the fracture toughness and hardness of 5 core build up materials. Materials and Methods: Fifteen specimens were prepared for each of the following materials: DPI alloy, Miracle-mix, Vitremer, Fuji II LC and Photocore. American Standard for Testing Materials guidelines were used for the preparation of single-edge notch, bar-shaped specimens. Ten specimens of each material were thermocycled for 2000 cycles and the other 5 specimens were not thermocycled (non-thermocycled group). All specimens were subjected to 3-point bending in a universal testing machine. The load at fracture was recorded and the fracture toughness (K IC ) was calculated. Vickers hardness test was conducted on the thermocycled and non-thermocycled group specimens. Results: Photocore had the highest mean K IC in both thermocycled and non-thermocycled groups. Miracle-mix demonstrated the lowest mean fracture toughness (K IC ) for both thermocycled and non-thermocycled groups. By applying Mann Whitney SQUSQ test the Vickers hardness value in all materials used in the study is highly superior in non-thermocycled group as compared to thermocycled group (P < 0.01). Non-thermocycled Photocore showed highest hardness values of 87.93. Vitremer had lowest hardness of 40.48 in thermocycled group. Conclusion: Thermocycling process negatively affected the fracture toughness and hardness of the core build-up materials.


How to cite this article:
Shanthala G S, Xavier MK. The effect of thermocycling on fracture toughness and hardness of different core build up materials.Indian J Dent Res 2013;24:653-658


How to cite this URL:
Shanthala G S, Xavier MK. The effect of thermocycling on fracture toughness and hardness of different core build up materials. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2013 [cited 2022 May 18 ];24:653-658
Available from: https://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2013;volume=24;issue=6;spage=653;epage=658;aulast=Shanthala;type=0