Indian Journal of Dental Research

ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 392--396

Assessment of two-way relationship between periodontal disease and gestational diabetes mellitus: A case-control study


Monika Kalra1, Pradeep Tangade1, Himanshu Punia1, Vipul Gupta1, Hunny Sharma2, Ankita Jain1 
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rungta College of Dental Science and Research, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monika Kalra
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh
India

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is glucose intolerance which begins during pregnancy. Few studies have examined the association between periodontal disease and GDM. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the association between periodontal disease and GDM. Materials and Methods: The study population comprised ninety patients, out of which thirty were cases and sixty were controls. All cases underwent a laboratory screening test for GDM between 24 and 30 weeks of gestation based on the recommendation of the obstetricians and gynecologists. To assess the periodontal status, a full-mouth periodontal examination assessing the probing depth, periodontal depth, bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level, and gingival recession was performed on all study participants by a single trained examiner. Tests for associations were performed using Chi-square statistics and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: None of the periodontitis conditions was found to be a significant predictor of GDM. In GDM patients, 70% of females were having periodontal disease whereas non-GDM patients 77% of patient had periodontal disease. Conclusion: The present study did not show any positive association between periodontal disease and GDM.


How to cite this article:
Kalra M, Tangade P, Punia H, Gupta V, Sharma H, Jain A. Assessment of two-way relationship between periodontal disease and gestational diabetes mellitus: A case-control study.Indian J Dent Res 2016;27:392-396


How to cite this URL:
Kalra M, Tangade P, Punia H, Gupta V, Sharma H, Jain A. Assessment of two-way relationship between periodontal disease and gestational diabetes mellitus: A case-control study. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 May 21 ];27:392-396
Available from: https://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2016;volume=27;issue=4;spage=392;epage=396;aulast=Kalra;type=0