Indian Journal of Dental Research

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 30  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 437--449

Effectiveness of school dental health education on the oral health status and knowledge of children: A systematic review


PR Geetha Priya1, Sharath Asokan1, RG Janani1, D Kandaswamy2 
1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Sri Ramachandra Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. P R Geetha Priya
Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, KSR Institute of Dental Science and Research, Tiruchengode - 637 215, Tamil Nadu
India

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of school dental health education on the oral health status, oral health-related knowledge, and practice behavior of 6–12-year-old children. Methods: Hand search and electronic search based on the keywords on school dental health education in seven search engines till 2017 identified 7434 articles. Trials involving school-based dental health education with a minimum follow-up period of 6 months were screened. Risk of bias assessment was done independently by two authors. Results: Among the 18 articles which fulfilled the eligibility criteria, six were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and 12 were non-RCTs. Quality assessment showed that 12 trials had a low risk of bias. Oral health-related knowledge improved in children. Oral health-related practice behaviors such as frequency and duration of brushing improved. Use of fluoridated toothpaste was increased. Plaque scores and gingival bleeding scores reduced. Conclusion: School dental health education had a positive impact on the oral health status, knowledge, and practice behavior of children. There is a definite need for high-quality RCTs analyzing the effectiveness of school dental health education on specific oral health outcomes.


How to cite this article:
Geetha Priya P R, Asokan S, Janani R G, Kandaswamy D. Effectiveness of school dental health education on the oral health status and knowledge of children: A systematic review.Indian J Dent Res 2019;30:437-449


How to cite this URL:
Geetha Priya P R, Asokan S, Janani R G, Kandaswamy D. Effectiveness of school dental health education on the oral health status and knowledge of children: A systematic review. Indian J Dent Res [serial online] 2019 [cited 2022 Jul 1 ];30:437-449
Available from: https://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2019;volume=30;issue=3;spage=437;epage=449;aulast=Geetha;type=0